If you’ve had lots of different jobs, it can be easy to lose track of your old pensions. In fact, The Association of British Insurers found that there are around 1.6 million lost pension pots in the UK. Altogether, they’re worth around £19.4 billion! Gulp.
But don’t worry! By transferring your old pensions to a new one, you can keep them all together in one easy-to-manage place, so you know exactly where they are when you come to retire. Phew! Here’s everything you need to know about transferring your pension.
What actually is a pension transfer?
Let’s start with the basics! A pension transfer is when you transfer your pension funds from one pension provider to another (your pension provider is the company that looks after your pension for you). Simple!
A lot of the time, people choose to do a pension transfer because they’ve changed employers. Let us explain.
If you’re an employee, the chances are you have a workplace pension – that’s a pension your employer sets up for you. You’ll be contributing a percentage of your earnings to it every month (at least 5%). And your employer has to contribute to it too, from their own pocket (at least 3%). Kerching!
However, if you change employers, you’ll stop contributing to that pension and it will become ‘frozen.’ Meanwhile, your new employer will usually set you up a different workplace pension, with a provider of their choice.
You can just leave your old pension where it is until you’re ready to withdraw your pension – the money in it is still yours and it’s not going anywhere! However, it can be easy to lose track of where your old pensions are as you won’t be able to cash in a pension from an old employer until you’re at least 55! Plus, you’re probably not getting the best deal and there’ll be other pension providers who are likely to be able to grow your money quicker.
That’s where a pension transfer comes in. By transferring all your old pensions over to just one, you’ll be able to make your savings easier to manage, find cheaper fees and get better performing investments. Which brings us onto…
Why should I transfer my pension?
As you’ve probably already gathered, there are loads of positives to transferring your pension. Here are the main ones.
- Less likely to get lost. Yep, we’ve covered this one already, but it’s worth reiterating that if you have lots of old pensions from previous employers lying around, it can be easy to forget where your money is. By transferring your old pensions so they’re all in one place, your savings will be less likely to get lost before retirement.
- Easier to manage. In a similar vein, if you have many pensions scattered around, it can be hard to keep track of how much you’ve managed to save, which can make planning for retirement hard. Transferring them to one pension will make this easier – some pensions even have handy mobile apps so you can track your savings on the go!
- Choose your pension provider. With a workplace pension, your employer will choose your pension provider for you. However, if you transfer your old workplace pensions over to a personal pension, you’ll be able to choose your provider yourself. Usually, that means you’ll end up with a provider that charges lower fees and that has a proven track record for growing your money faster. Bingo!
- Get lower fees. As well as being able to choose a pension provider with lower fees than your current provider, you’re likely to be able to access lower fees by pooling all your savings in one place. This is because some pension providers will give you a lower fee (usually a percentage) if you have more money with them (basically encouraging you to transfer your pensions by offering you a lower rate).
Can I transfer my pension myself?
Yes! It’s your pension, so you’re the only one that needs to do anything – your old employer doesn’t have to get involved at all. That said, depending on where you want to transfer your pension, you may or may not be able to choose your pension provider. Let us explain.
If you want to transfer your pension, you have two options. You can either…
- Transfer it to a personal pension (one that you set up yourself)
- Transfer it to a new workplace pension (the pension your new employer sets up for you)
Here’s the lowdown.
Transferring your pension to a personal pension
Now, we can’t tell you what to do. But if we can give you one little word of advice, it’s this: transferring your pension to a personal pension (one that you set up yourself) is a really good idea.
That’s because when you start a pension yourself, you get to choose your own pension provider.
In other words, you can choose a pension provider with lovely low fees. And you can choose a pension provider that has a proven track record for growing money quickly. So, you’ll be in the best possible position to end up with even more savings to enjoy in retirement!
You might think that starting your own pension sounds like a lot of work. But guess what? It’s not!
Setting a pension up is quick and easy. In fact, it can take as little as 5 minutes – especially if you use one of the more modern pension providers that we love, as they let you do it all online.
PensionBee is a super simple option that specialises in pensions, with low fees and a handy app that lets you track your money and watch it grow. Meanwhile, Moneyfarm has lots of different accounts on offer alongside pensions, like ISAs, and assigns you your own financial advisor so you can get expert advice from a human.
Now, to be clear, we’re not suggesting you should turn down the workplace pension your new employer offers you, as your employer will have to contribute to it from their own pocket. You should take all you can get! Instead, we’re saying you should start a personal pension alongside it, and transfer any old pensions to this one instead. Then, you get the best of both worlds!
Transferring your pension to a new workplace pension
If you have a new employer, the chances are they’ll be setting up a new workplace pension for you – normally, they’ll have to by law!
Just like with your old workplace pension, you’ll need to pay into it every month (at least 5% of your earnings). And, just like your old one, your employer will have to contribute to it too (at least 3% of your earnings from their own pocket!). Get in!
If you want, you can choose to transfer your old workplace pension to your new one. Some people choose to do this so that they only have one pension going at a time.
You’ll still get some of the benefits you would from transferring your pension to a personal pension. For instance, it’ll be easier to keep track of your savings if you gather all your old pensions in one place. And it’ll cut down the number of providers you’ll need to pay fees to as well.
However, there’s one big downside: you won’t get to choose your own pension provider.
Instead, you’ll end up transferring your old pensions to whatever pension provider your new employer has picked out for you. And, we hate to break it to you, but this is unlikely to offer you the cheapest fees or the highest growth. In other words, you’ll probably end up paying more than you need to, and your money probably won’t grow as quickly as it could.
So, workplace pensions are wonderful things and you should definitely get one if you’re offered one. But when it comes to transferring your old pensions? Personal pensions win every time if you’re looking to boost your savings in retirement!
How to transfer your pension from a previous employer
Luckily, transferring your pension from a previous employer can be oh-so-easy. And we mean it! Just follow these 3 simple steps.
1. Choose where you want to transfer your pension
First things first, you’ll need to choose where you want to transfer your old pension to.
We’d recommend starting a personal pension if you haven’t already, as that way, you’ll get to pick the best pension provider for you. That means you’ll be able to access lower fees, and you’ll also be able to choose a provider who has a good track record for growing pensions quickly!
Not sure where to start? We love PensionBee as it has a great track record for growing your money, an amazing customer service team and an easy-to-use mobile app. That’s right, you can check in on your pension and watch your money grow (over the long-term!) whenever you want, wherever you want!
Alternatively, if you want to be able to get advice from a human, we bet you’ll be a fan of Moneyfarm. This is another modern pension provider that makes saving for retirement easy, but it has the added benefit of assigning you your own personal financial advisor. Plus, you can store your other investments in one place, like your ISA (another type of savings account).
PensionBee and Moneyfarm both have pretty cheap fees too! But before you decide for sure, check out our selection of the best personal pensions for more great options.
2. Track down your old pension
Next, you’ll just need to get the name of your old pension provider. If you’ve only recently changed jobs, the chances are you already know which pension provider is looking after your old pension. But if you’re not sure, don’t worry!
The government has a handy find a pension service – just go to GOV.UK to give it a try.
Alternatively, your new pension provider will often be able to help. Some of them have their own tools that can help you to find your old pension – often, you just need to enter the name of your old employer and voila! You’ll be able to see the details right there.
You just need to give your new pension provider the name of your old one and then…
3. Sit back and relax!
Yep, that’s right, all that’s left now is to sit back, relax and let your new pension provider do the hard work for you.
They’ll get in contact with your old pension provider to arrange the pension transfer. Normally, the funds will then show up in your new pension within 2 to 4 weeks (although it could take longer).
Sometimes, your old provider will get in contact with you to confirm that you want to go ahead. But other than that, you can just twiddle your thumbs while your pension providers get to work!
How much does it cost to transfer your pension?
You might be able to transfer your pension for free. Get in! However, it all depends on your pension providers.
Sometimes, your old provider will charge you a fee for leaving early, known as an early exit charge. Urgh! However, if you’re under the age of 55, they won’t be able to charge you more than 1% of the balance in your pension. That means even if your old provider charges a fee for leaving, it’ll probably still be worth doing – assuming your new provider has cheaper fees, it’ll probably balance itself out before too long!
Occasionally, your new provider might also try to charge you a set-up charge to start a new pension. However, most won’t do this so we’d recommend choosing a personal pension provider that will let you set up a new pension for free. Most will!
When should I not transfer my pension?
As you can see, there are lots of reasons why you should transfer your pension. But are there any reasons why you shouldn’t?
Well, there is one big one – and that’s if you have something called a defined benefit pension (as opposed to a defined contribution pension).
‘Huh?’ We hear you ask, ‘what’s that?’
A defined benefit pension is a workplace pension where your employer pays you an income in retirement based on your salary and the number of years you worked for them. This is different from a defined contribution pension which works a bit like a piggybank – you pay into it every month and the income you get when you retire is based on how much you’ve contributed over your working life (as well as how much your investments grow, of course!).
If you have a defined benefit pension, you’ll probably be better off leaving your pension where it is, instead of transferring it. Why? Well, if you move it elsewhere, you could lose some of the lovely benefits it comes with, like a guaranteed income throughout retirement!
For this reason, if you’re considering transferring one of these pensions, you’ll legally have to get advice from an independent financial advisor first. You can use Unbiased, which specialises in matching you with expert advisors, to find the right one for you.
Not sure what kind of pension you have? Then the likelihood is that you have a defined contribution pension (the ones that work a bit like piggybanks). This is because all personal pensions are this kind, and nearly all workplace pensions are too. It’s only a few older ones that aren’t, so fingers crossed, you shouldn’t have to worry about transferring your pension at all!
Over to you
Got old pensions lying around? Then there’s no excuse – just follow our simple steps above to transfer them over to a personal pension. Then, enjoy cheaper fees, faster growth and more visibility and control over your savings for retirement!
If you don’t yet have a personal pension and you’re not sure where to start, we’ve made things super easy for you. Just check out our guide to personal pensions, where you can compare your options and find the best pension provider for you. You’ll be enjoying cruises around the Caribbean before you know it!